Rich Heritage of Indian Films

Indian film industry is one of most popular industry that serves as a vehicle to showcase cultural, moral, and social beliefs. Since centuries Indian films have been recognized worldwide for their excellent direction, great script, superb acting, outstanding choreography, and heart warming songs. The early movies ushered in Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, and Bengali language but now the entire gamut of language and culture is heard and reflected in Indian movies.

Indian film industry, also known as Bollywood, has its origin in the city of Bombay which is now known as Mumbai. The city is considered to be a hometown of many popular actors who have made a special place for themselves in the hearts of millions of people around the world. The city of Mumbai gave birth to the rich heritage of Indian films on July 7, 1896 when Lumiere Brothers screened six short films. After the success of these films, many more foreign films invaded India.

Over the period of time the industry witnessed huge changes and development that further led to the first Indian-made film, Raja Harischandra, in 1913. This great film was produced and directed by Dadasaheb Phalke who took the industry to new heights. Thereafter, many other films were introduced in this era and were based on mythological, devotional, and historical concepts. Amazingly, all these movies were silent movies, movies without words, where the actors used to express all through their actions.

Over the period of time, this source of entertainment became more and more popular and people started taking interest in the film industry. Later in 1931, movie Alam Ara was released that was the first Indian talkie, the first Indian movie with sound. This movie created a new benchmark in the industry and pushed to the growth of Indian cinemas to great heights.

The 1950s is considered to be the golden era of Indian films, a period that saw the emergence of great artists including Raj Kapoor, Guru Dutt, Meena Kumari, Madhubala, Dilip Kumar, Bimal Roy, and Satyajit Ray. Along with these great artists, some of the most recognized singers, composers, directors, producers, scrip writers, and choreographers created some of the best movies that are still known to be popular among the masses.

Later on, in the 1970s, some of the great superstars like Amitabh Bachchan, Tanuja, Asha Parekh, Shabana Azmi, Smita Patil, Om Puri, and Nasrudin Shah entered the film industry. These great artists have carved their own niche in the golden heritage of Indian films. Gradually, more and more movies were introduced as a source of entertainment and subsequently religious films in various Indian languages were making their presence in the industry.

Further ahead, the industry also witnessed the entry of romantic films in the 1990s. This entry of romance and love in the movies rejuvenated the entire industry. It was a time of mixed genre that was infused with the growing technology. The infusion of movies and technologies was explored by the present day artists like Shahrukh Khan, Hrithik Roshan, Madhuri Dixit, Sridevi, Kajol, and many more. With this, a new wave of film makers began to release variety of films of different subjects.

Today, with pride and honor, Indians can say that the iconic Indian film industry has passed through 11 decades of entertainment that encompass a range of mind blowing songs, beautiful locations, talented artists, and love in the air.